Students beginning to study General Linguistics ('Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft') must do the course "Introduction to General Linguistics" to gain an overview of the four core
areas of linguistics and to acquire linguistic analytical skills. This course introduces basic concepts of linguistics in :
- syntax (the study of grammatical structure at the sentence level)
- semantics (the study of the link between form and meaning)
- phonetics and phonology (the study of language sounds and language sound systems)
- pragmatics (the study of language in use)
The material will largely revolve around the analysis of German and English, with occasional glances at other languages. The class introduces basic notions in linguistics, central aspects of the analysis of German and English,
and seeks to convey an understanding of the approach of generative (cognitive) linguistics to natural language.